Why You Don’t Do What You Know Is Good for You

Photo by cottonbro from Pexels

Sometimes it feels like we’re stuck in a terrible loop.

We know that buying the 3 extra bars of chocolate just to get the 4th for free isn’t good for our health. We definitely know smoking isn’t. We know that procrastinating a workout to the end of the day means it never gets done.

So why do we keep doing it?

The unpredictable forces of emotion, habit, and situation reign despite how much we “know’ better.

Socrates and Plato believed that knowledge is sufficient for virtue. In other words, knowing is half the battle. Which kind of makes sense, right? If you didn’t even know what the right thing is, how would you ever do it?

Living in the age of information, there is little about self-improvement and development that we do not know by now. We know we must turn off our devices at least 2 hours before bedtime, as the blue light can impair sleep.

Has that ever stopped me from scrolling through Reddit on my laptop in bed, waiting for sleep to miraculously appear? (Answer- no, it hasn’t)

Laurie Santos and Tamar Gendler, both professors at Yale, coined the term GI Joe fallacy explaining the difference between knowing and doing. This is a fallacy because knowing, it turns out, is not half the battle. It’s not even close. If anything, work in cognitive science has demonstrated that knowing is a shockingly tiny fraction of the battle for most real-world decisions.

G.I. Joe’s cartoon is long gone, but his fallacy is alive and well.

The unpredictable forces of emotion, habit, and situation reign despite how much we “know’ better. When it comes to behavior change, we have to step beyond simple “knowing” to emotional regulation, habit formation, deep practice, and the situations we place ourselves in.

Conscious action seems to be the key to overcoming these cognitive biases. Being intentional with our thoughts and actions, that will nudge us in the direction of our goals.

This is a fallacy because knowing, it turns out, is not half the battle. It’s not even close.

Knowing that a battle exists at least gives us some sense of the main characteristics of the conflict and the issues at stake.

This should help determine what side we’re on, and hopefully provide some of the information you need to know to figure out what actions to take that would be helpful to shape our behaviors.

Well, now you know. And that is not half the battle.

You Are Worth More than Your Productivity

I live for the ‘good days’, where I’m getting up early, working out, eating healthy, and making my to-do lists. But then, one morning I wake up- and innate drive is no where to be found.

There’s a terrible heaviness. I’m way too tired to be repeating all of that again.

I don’t see any results. I’m not any smarter, my 1500-page book is still not over, and my grades have not gone up.

On one of these down days, when I was deep in the YouTube rabbit hole, stuffing my face with chocolate orange, I came across this video.

It introduced to me the roller coaster of extremely productive days, and the days of being down in the dumps.

While the video goes off into a different trajectory, going on about how to completely eliminate the variations. Yet, we are going to have good and bad days. The only thing we can do is learn how to deal with the bad ones without going down the deep dark hole of self-sabotage.

Productivity needs to be sustainable in the long run, not only a manoeuvre we pull 2 days a week.

Photo by Carl Heyerdahl on Unsplash

As long as our self-worth is tied to how productive we are, there’s nothing that can do with the feelings of absolute worthlessness a bad day brings.

Here’s what you can do to have a great bad day.

  1. Acceptance

This might be the hardest bit of all- accept that today is just not it. Not the day you’re going to finish that book or submit your project report. Ask for, or give yourself any necessary extensions. Learning to live without counting the costs of every action, without assurances that nothing will be lost- is 100% worth it.

2. Moderation

It’s hard not to, but extremely important to not undo any progress you’ve made until now. You may not want to work out today, but you could stretch in bed. Move your limbs around. Limit your frivolous screen time to how much you would allow yourself on a workday. That’s another success for today!

3. De-catastrophizing

Your worries are like quicksand- the more you struggle to get rid of them, the deeper they will pull you in. Luckily, quicksand isn’t even that dangerous. Once you stop forcing yourself out of that mindset and sit with it, it’s likely to pass by quicker. Label your thoughts and emotions. Don’t judge yourself.

Learning to live without counting the costs of every action, without assurances that nothing will be lost- is 100% worth it.

4. The 5-minute rule

If you have something that needs your attention and cannot be put off, set a timer for 5 minutes. Give yourself a little countdown and get to work. There’s a chance that you will continue to work, depending on how you feel. Also use this to complete essential tasks- washing your face, getting something to eat, etc.

5. The progress lists

Having a visual list of little wins, to show you how far you’ve come can be essential to make you feel like you’re actually making some sort of progress. When a lot of our goals are long term, it can feel like we are not moving forward. This is why it can be helpful to maintain a log of little success every day. This can be revisited on the not-so-good days, to get that boost of inspiration.

As long as our self-worth is tied to how productive we are, there’s nothing that can do with the feelings of absolute worthlessness a bad day brings.

Putting it all together-

There is a slew of methods that will help you be more productive, more efficient, more something. Take a day to be less- less anxious, less stressed, less caught up.

There’s more to you than the level of your productivity.

Accept the day to revitalize, moderate the damage, let go and climb out of the quicksand. Work on anything essential and don’t forget to celebrate the successful day you had.

The aim is to not get off the roller coaster- but to enjoy it while we’re here.

How to be the main character of your life.

You would be lying if you told me that you didn’t feel motivated to suddenly “get your life together”at midnight after watching an inspiring movie or show. And that you didn’t wish to emulate the effortlessly beautiful life the main characters in these stories have- how they are always the centre of attention, how their actions seem deliberate. You, on the other hand, always feel like you’re drifting along where the wind takes you, like a confused and tired bumblebee. More so right now, when life feels (a little more than usual) out of your control, and you’re struggling to make sense of the days and nights, and it feels like we’re living in an extended version of April 2020. So I’m going to tell you about something that has been helping me a lot these days- and that is immersing myself in an imaginary movie and acting as the main character of my own life.

It started as a tik-tok trend, where users put up songs that make them feel like they were in a 90s coming-of-age movie and it quickly spread to YouTubers who extended the format and tried to live like the main character for a day, a week and so on. It calls you to be aware of where you are- look for beauty in the mundane stuff. even if it is tough to do so, and cultivate a rich imagination.

Here’s how you can have a great day being the protagonist of your own life.

Wake up early, watch the sunrise, even if you slept late the night before. We all need to correct our body clocks anyway. Walk around barefoot.

Make a big bowl of creamy oatmeal topped with bananas and strawberry and honey and chia seeds. Sprinkle some cinnamon. Eat it by the window. Stream lo-fi in the background.

Chalk up a tiny to-do list on a small piece of paper and stick it to your laptop or your wall.

Have fun crossing off things – like folding the laundry, or organizing your kitchen cabinets.

Sit up nice and straight, preferably in a place with natural light, and be aware that the process of creating something is just as beautiful. The path is the goal. The process of taking notes for your next exam, the process of reading research papers for your thesis, the process of brainstorming ideas for your next creative project. Write on separate white sheets, with coloured or even glitter pens. Highlight. Put them neatly in a binder. Label the binder.

Colour code- find your work method.

Watch out for the golden hour. 

Take pictures. Lots of them, if that’s your thing. Pictures of the sky, pictures of a plant, or your once-a-week clean desk.

Make a vision board on Pinterest. Visuals hold an unprecedented amount of power. Make use of them.

Treat yourself to a deliberate, 30-minute long skincare routine once a week.

Delete social media apps from your phone without a second thought. You don’t want to be stuck mindlessly scrolling down Instagram.

There’s something to learn from the vintage aesthetic. It was a more intentional and creative way of living. Read books you’ve already read. Here’s a great article about rereading – there’s a high chance that you’ll always find new insights in the same texts as you grow and mature. For me, with my terrible memory, I find great joy in the fact that I can remember certain paragraphs with uncanny accuracy ( while completely blanking over other parts).

Do it for the aesthetic. Aesthetics are the only thing worth pursuing- and even it is pointless.

Music is another great portal to get you in the zone- there are playlists on youtube and Spotify with the same name. I read somewhere that your alarm is the theme song of your life. I immediately switched my alarm to a song I might enjoy listening to first thing in the morning. Sometimes, I let it play when I wake up as long as it doesn’t disturb anyone else. I haven’t gotten to the point where I wake up and dance and twirl because I’m so happy- but maybe, I will do that someday.

You may not want to do any of these- and that’s perfectly okay. That is my idea of the main character in a 90s coming-of-age Hollywood movie, with an all-white cast and a token quirky black girl. Maybe I should have seen better movies.  But the best part is that YOU create your main character. Let your imagination run wild. Yours doesn’t have to be as chirpy and bubbly. It could be more subdued and mysterious. The dark academia aesthetic might be more your thing. Set big goals for yourself. Learn a language or two. Or three, at the same time. It may be the most efficient method and it’s just great to revel in the fact that you might have access to the literature and cinema in your target language.

However, all of this isn’t going to change your life. It’s only going to create little pockets of joy in super busy days, when you’re working or, studying or just doing your thing and you remind yourself to romanticize the hell out of your own life. Everything you do is an event. This is not a call for you to do spectacular things, it is only to shift your perspective and make you more appreciative of what exists around you and the life you’ve created.

Do it for the aesthetic. Aesthetics are the only thing worth pursuing- and even it is pointless. It is part of the experience of beautiful objects, and as Immanuel Kant argues, that they should affect us as if they had a purpose, although no particular purpose can be found.

Saving BSNL

Introduction

Within three years of starting its commercial operations, Reliance Jio has become the country’s largest telecom operator with a subscriber base of 331.3 million (and counting), surpassing Vodafone Idea which has reported a decline in its user base to 320 million in June 2019. As a result of the Jio onslaught, more than 30,000 telecom employees have lost jobs, and companies like Unior, Aircel, Tata Teleservices etc have had to shut their shops.

Just a decade ago, state-run telecom giant BSNL launched a massive ad campaign featuring Deepika Padukone. The ads packed much of BSNL’s core strength-a nationwide 3G network, the largest in the country penetrating urban and rural areas alike- topped off with the tagline ‘Hindustan bol raha hai’.

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. was incorporated on 15th September 2000 and took over the business of providing of telecom services and network management from the erstwhile Central Government Departments of Telecom Services (DTS) and Telecom Operations (DTO), with effect from 1st October’ 2000 on going concern basis. According to the official website, it is one of the largest & leading public sector units providing comprehensive range of telecom services in India.

The current situation

An average Indian consumer is in no better a situation today than it were two decades ago when it came to getting access to uninterrupted voice calls and reliable Internet connectivity. Call drops, annoying telemarketing calls and splotchy data networks are rampant. On top of that, consumers do not have access to a reliable and neutral complaint redressal mechanism. To illustrate the quality of services, according to data shared by the telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, a penalty of Rs 1.56 crore was imposed on Vodafone, Rs 50 lakh on Aircel, Rs 29.5 lakh on Tata Teleservices, Rs 13 lakh each on state-run telecom firm BSNL and Telenor from December quarter 2017 to June quarter 2018.

Prasad said that as per the Quarterly Performance Monitoring Report (PMR) of TRAI for cellular services for the quarter ending September 2018, non-compliance was noticed in the network of Tata in 18 telecom circles, Idea in 15 circles, Vodafone in 5 circles, Airtel & BSNL in 3 circles each and RJio in 1 circle.

The Data

Revenues in 2017-18 stood at Rs.27,818 crore, registering a fall of 14% from the previous year. Losses, too, widened from Rs.4,500 crore in 2016-17 to Rs 7,992 crore in 2017-’18. Accumulated operating losses were over a whopping Rs.90,000 crore at the end of December 2018, making it one of India’s top loss-making firms, a recent report by Kotak Institutional Equities said.

Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad held the opinion that government has inherited legacy issues and steps are being taken to make BSNL more competitive. “To ensure stability in the telecom sector, one PSU is very important,” Prasad noted, adding that it must be kept in mind that India has the cheapest mobile and data rates across the world.

Sanjay Dhotre, Minister of state for communications said that BSNL has to spend 75 per cent of its revenues in paying salaries to employees, while private companies incur lower employee cost, and the data agrees – BSNL employs 1.8 lakh people, which is six times the average 25,000 to 30,000 headcount of that of its rivals. To cut costs, the company froze employee benefits in February this year.

In 2018, BSNL had saved Rs 2,500 crore through a similar exercise. So bad is the crunch there have been reported power cuts in many BSNL offices, and around 20% supply of power to its telecom towers is being disrupted.

An employees’ union of state-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) has sought an immediate short-term bank loan of Rs. 6,000 crores for operating and capital expenditure and “speedy revival” i.e. Sanchar Nigam Executives’ Association (SNEA)

BSNL expects to get at least Rs. 1,000 crores immediately and Rs. 3,000-4,000 crore in the near future from land monetisation/leasing. According to the union, even after Cabinet approval, it would take at least six months to get money through monetisation.

“If the decision is delayed by another two to three months, it will be too late as BSNL network may deteriorate beyond repair and will make revival impossible,” the letter said.

The mighty downfall

At this point, it is important to lay down why a PSU like BSNL is essential to the telecom sector in a country like India. Sanjay Dhotre claims the following-

  • BSNL has a significant role also because it remains at the forefront in situations of natural calamities and is quick to offer free services to consumers impacted by cyclones or floods.

  • State-owned operators, particularly BSNL, venture into rural and far-flung areas, enabling people to stay digitally connected, whereas private telecoms do not apparently find the business lucrative in those areas

We now aim to understand the factors that contributed to the unfortunate downfall of BSNL:

One reason things could have gotten this bad is because BSNL, as a state-run firm, is simply not nimble enough to contend with private sector players who can focus entirely on their revenues.

Secondly, (because it is a state-run firm) BSNL cannot make self-governing, market-oriented decisions on which spectrum to buy, which markets to enter, which technologies to adopt etc.

To illustrate the fact, in 2009, BSNL was faced with the choice of which technology to use to provide its wireless broadband services. Options included WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) and LTE (Long-Term Evolution), which is today used by most operators, including Airtel, Vodafone and Jio. BSNL chose WiMAX. Why BSNL chose a technology like WiMAX that was considered inferior by its competitors is a matter of debate, but it does go on to show how BSNLs decisions require political approval and how strong lobbying might work against them.

Coming to the matters of spectrum-In 2008, before the spectrum auction for private sector players, BSNL and MTNL were provided telecommunications spectrum in the 2.5GHz band. BSNL, reportedly, paid about Rs 18,500 crores for the rights. However, it did not get to choose which parts of the country those rights would apply to, a point later regretted by the then-BSNL chairman and managing director Kuldeep Goyal in an interview. By the time the spectrum auction for private sector players rolled around, business houses had managed to lobby the government to allow purchases in the more-efficient 2.3GHz band, rather than the 2.5GHz that BSNL and MTNL had been allocated. Issues like these-using non-standard technology and transmitting in a less-efficient spectrum-meant that BSNL could not capitalize on its first-mover advantage. Notably, both issues came about as a result of business decisions taken in a highly political environment. And 2009, the year following the spectrum allocation, was the first year in its history that BSNL ever reported a loss.

By 2016, NITI Aayog added BSNL to the list of loss-making Public Sector Undertakings. It had also proposed the closure of BSNL.

To make matters worse, BSNL, to cut its losses, was forced to surrender its spectrum rights to the government and had to ask for a refund. In 2014, the Union cabinet approved this deal, on the condition that the money would be returned over a period of time as part of a ‘revival’ package. Unfortunately, BSNL had to make this decision of reducing its technological assets at a crucial time- when the industry was gearing up for 4G services. Reliance Jio, Bharti Airtel and Vodafone Idea together account for 80% of the sector’s spectrum holdings.

The Blame Game

Are only political decisions to blame for the deplorable condition of BSNL? Perhaps not.

BSNL itself does not operate like a business rebelling for survival. It does not prioritise market share, customer numbers and profit/loss figures in the same way as its competitors from the private sector. Being state-run, it can accumulate losses, perhaps well over, Rs 90,000 crore before reforms are even considered.

State-owned telecom companies are incurring losses even in providing high-speed Wi-Fi connections to members of Parliament, Union Minister for Communications and Electronics and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad said.

As per data available with the Telecom Ministry till May 2019, Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) have provided an aggregate of 757 Internet connections to members of Parliament. The BSNL said each FTTH connection to MPs cost the company Rs 25,000, but it could charge them only Rs 2,200 per month, exclusive of GST for the services

Customer Loyalty to BSNL

In order to sustain its present growth rate in the telecom sector, BSNL the pioneer public sector mobile service provider in India, need to take drastic steps not only to retain its customers but also to attract new customers. Customer’s loyalty in the case of mobile phones is determined to an extent by its geographical coverage and the ease with which calls can be made in peak hours. BSNL customers found that their service provider gives them reliable coverage and the lines are less congested. Trustworthiness is a component that BSNL needs to highlight in their marketing strategy. In order to improve the trustworthiness, they need to work upon their marketing strategy to further improve their network quality. Another factor that was found to influence loyalty is the relationship it has with the customer which is determined by the promptness with which the complaints were resolved the warmth shown by customer care department and the convenience with which the bill can be paid. Effective customer service is a component that can magnetize the attention and loyalty of customers. Customers of BSNL remained loyal because of their personal preference and image about the company was influenced by the affordable call rate. note that customers of BSNL continued to be loyal irrespective of the certain flaws in its services just because the number held by them was good and because of the inconvenience involved in switching numbers.

The way forward

Right off the bat, I’d like to state that, in my humble opinion, BSNL should not be privatized, and here’s why-

Private sector players already control most of India’s communications infrastructure, and it’s imperative for the government maintaining some presence in the industry, even if only to fulfil civic agendas-like internet access for India’s villages, also not forgetting the rock bottom prices at which the services are being provided (which has mostly been countered by the likes of private players like, of course, Reliance Jio).

Nonetheless, with BSNL remaining an arm of government (being run by the Department of Telecommunications, with most of its assets held by the Ministry for Urban Development) it will not be able to make better business decisions, which could result in another Rs 90,000 crore in accumulated losses a decade from now. On the brighter side, BSNL is still an asset-heavy company. It has the most expansive installed infrastructure in terms of fixed lines-36.42 million lines basic telephone capacity, with 102 satellite stations. Media reports estimate that the land it owns-around 11,000 acres across the country-is worth about Rs 65,000 crore, while its outstanding debt at the end of 2018-19 stood at about Rs 14,000 crore.

In the telecom sector, BSNL has the least liability or loans of less than Rs. 20,000 crores, it said, comparing with Vodafone Idea’s liabilities of Rs. 1.18-lakh crore, Bharti Airtel’s Rs. 1.08-lakh crore and Reliance Jio Infocomm’s Rs. 1.12-lakh crore. BSNL has land assets at prime locations with a market value of more than Rs. 3-lakh crore, optical fibre network of more than 7.5-lakh route km and more than 66,000 towers.

In 2011, a committee headed by Sam Pitroda, then advisor to the Prime Minister, offered a 15-point plan to revive BSNL which included the following-

1) retiring or transferring 100k staff by voluntary retirement scheme.

2) installing 30 million new high-speed broadband connections in the next 3 years

3) divesting 30 per cent equity

4) adopting a managed services model for its various operations

5) offering to share its passive and active infrastructure with other operators

6) establishing a BSNL venture fund to invest and/ or acquire small tech firms

7) inducting a chief executive from the private sector.

This plan has not been acted upon.

According to the Hindu Business Line, divesting all the real estate land parcels owned by the company and investing the proceeds into buying all the technology BSNL needs to be at par with private players could prove to be a good starting point. Secondly, implementing the proposals of the Pitroda panel, especially those related to cutting down staff costs and hiving off various businesses into different verticals. Here, the Centre can study how British Telecom, once a struggling PSU in the UK, was turned around. Finally, removing all political interference and appointing a strong, independent management to run the company should be enough to get the PSU back on its feet.

National Digital Communications Policy 2018 should be implemented without further delay. On top priority should be the measures proposed to lower fees and levies on operators. Mobile operators pay almost 30 per cent of their revenues in the form of spectrum charges and other annual fees. These levies were introduced when spectrum was allocated on a subscriber-based criterion. Since 2010, the Centre has shifted to auction of spectrum wherein winning operators pay an upfront fee to acquire the airwaves. Therefore, some of these levies can be easily waived off without any major revenue impact for the exchequer. Infrastructure creation, especially the much-delayed optical fibre network, should be taken up on a mission mode so that it can complement the huge investments being made in rolling out the wireless networks

Conclusion

The battle for survival is far from over- BSNL Director – Finance, S K Gupta has shot off a letter to all Chief General Managers of telecom circles, flagging the “fiercest ever competition” being faced by the telecom sector and said “predatory tariff offerings by the competitors” has triggered a sharp decline in revenue from services.

“The BSNL management is making all out efforts to ease the pressure on liquidity. It is expected that in near future, the liquidity position of the company will start improving,” Gupta said in the letter dated May 16.

He asserted that normalcy in liquidity position is expected to be restored by the next quarter. BSNL has been able to sustain its customer base, despite the persistent pressure of competition on its revenue.

Bibliography

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https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/nearly-impossible-to-run-operations-bsnl/articleshow/69920159.cms